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Understanding Pricing in Azure Data Factory

This post is part 25 of 26 in the series Beginner's Guide to Azure Data Factory

Congratulations! You’ve made it through my entire Beginner’s Guide to Azure Data Factory 🤓 We’ve gone through the fundamentals in the first 23 posts, and now we just have one more thing to talk about: Pricing.

And today, I’m actually going to talk! You see, in November 2019, I presented a 20-minute session at Microsoft Ignite about understanding Azure Data Factory pricing. And since it was recorded and the recording is available for free for everyone… Well, let’s just say that after 23 posts, I think we could both appreciate a short break from reading and writing 😅

(And as a side note, I’m originally publishing this post on December 24th. Here in Norway, we celebrate Christmas all day today! This is the biggest family day of the year for me, full of food and traditions. So instead of spending a lot of time writing today, I’m going to link to my video and spend the rest of the day with my family. Yay! 🎅🏻🎄🎁)

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Lookups in Azure Data Factory

This post is part 24 of 26 in the series Beginner's Guide to Azure Data Factory

In the previous post, we looked at foreach loops and how to control them using arrays. But you can also control them using more complex objects! In this post, we will look at lookups. How do they work? What can you use them for? And how do you use the output in later activities, like controlling foreach loops?

Lookups

Lookups are similar to copy data activities, except that you only get data from lookups. They have a source dataset, but they do not have a sink dataset. (So, like… half a copy data activity? :D) Instead of copying data into a destination, you use lookups to get configuration values that you use in later activities.

And how you use the configuration values in later activities depends on whether you choose to get the first row only or all rows.

But before we dig into that, let’s create the configuration datasets!

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ForEach Loops in Azure Data Factory

This post is part 23 of 26 in the series Beginner's Guide to Azure Data Factory

In the previous post, we looked at how to use variables in pipelines. We took a sneak peek at working with an array, but we didn’t actually do anything with it. But now, we will! In this post, we will look at how to use arrays to control foreach loops.

ForEach Loops

You can use foreach loops to execute the same set of activities or pipelines multiple times, with different values each time. A foreach loop iterates over a collection. That collection can be either an array or a more complex object. Inside the loop, you can reference the current value using @item().

Let’s take a look at how this works in Azure Data Factory!

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Variables in Azure Data Factory

This post is part 22 of 26 in the series Beginner's Guide to Azure Data Factory

In the previous post, we talked about why you would want to build a dynamic solution, then looked at how to use parameters. In this post, we will look at variables, how they are different from parameters, and how to use the set variable and append variable activities.

Variables

Parameters are external values passed into pipelines. They can’t be changed inside a pipeline. Variables, on the other hand, are internal values that live inside a pipeline. They can be changed inside that pipeline.

Parameters and variables can be completely separate, or they can work together. For example, you can pass a parameter into a pipeline, and then use that parameter value in a set variable or append variable activity.

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Parameters in Azure Data Factory

This post is part 21 of 26 in the series Beginner's Guide to Azure Data Factory

In the last mini-series inside the series (🙃), we will go through how to build dynamic pipelines in Azure Data Factory. In this post, we will look at parameters, expressions, and functions. Later, we will look at variables, loops, and lookups. Fun!

But first, let’s take a step back and discuss why we want to build dynamic pipelines at all.

(Pssst! There are now also global parameters, woohoo! They didn’t exist when I first wrote this blog post. I’ll be adding this shortly!)

Hardcoded Solutions

Back in the post about the copy data activity, we looked at our demo datasets. The LEGO data from Rebrickable consists of nine CSV files. So far, we have hardcoded the values for each of these files in our example datasets and pipelines.

Now imagine that you want to copy all the files from Rebrickable to your Azure Data Lake Storage account. Then copy all the data from your Azure Data Lake Storage into your Azure SQL Database. What will it look like if you have to create all the individual datasets and pipelines for these files?

Like this. It will look like this:

Screenshot of nine different datasets connecting to the Rebrickable website
Screenshot of nine different datasets connecting to Azure Data Lake Storage
Screenshot of nine different datasets connecting to Azure SQL Database
Screenshot of nine different pipelines copying data from the Rebrickable website to Azure Data Lake Storage
Screenshot of nine different pipelines copying data from Azure Data Lake Storage to Azure SQL Database

Hooboy! I don’t know about you, but I do not want to create all of those resources! 🤯

(And I mean, I have created all of those resources, and then some. I currently have 56 hardcoded datasets and 72 hardcoded pipelines in my demo environment, because I have demos of everything. And I don’t know about you, but I never want to create all of those resources again! 😂)

So! What can we do instead?

Dynamic Solutions

We can build dynamic solutions!

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Templates in Azure Data Factory

This post is part 20 of 26 in the series Beginner's Guide to Azure Data Factory

In the previous post, we looked at setting up source control. Once we did that, a new menu popped up under factory resources: templates! In this post, we will take a closer look at this feature. What is the template gallery? How can you create pipelines from templates? And how can you create your own templates?

Let’s hop straight into Azure Data Factory!

Using Templates from the Template Gallery

From the Home page, you can create pipelines from templates:

Screenshot of the Azure Data Factory Home page, highlighting the create pipeline from template option
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Source Control in Azure Data Factory

This post is part 19 of 26 in the series Beginner's Guide to Azure Data Factory

Raise your hand if you have wondered why you can only publish and not save anything in Azure Data Factory 🙋🏼‍♀️ Wouldn’t it be nice if you could save work in progress? Well, you can. You just need to set up source control first! In this post, we will look at why you should use source control, how to set it up, and how to use it inside Azure Data Factory.

And yeah, I usually recommend that you set up source control early in your project, and not on day 18… However, it does require some external configuration, and in this series I wanted to get through the Azure Data Factory basics first. But by now, you should know enough to decide whether or not to commit to Azure Data Factory as your data integration tool of choice.

Get it? Commit to Azure Data Factory? Source Control? Commit? 🤓

Ok, that was terrible, I know. But hey, I’ve been writing these posts for 18 days straight now, let me have a few minutes of fun with Wil Wheaton 😂

Aaaaanyway!

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Executing SSIS Packages in Azure Data Factory

This post is part 18 of 26 in the series Beginner's Guide to Azure Data Factory

Two posts ago, we looked at the three types of integration runtimes and created an Azure integration runtime. In the previous post, we created a self-hosted integration runtime for copying SQL Server data. In this post, we will complete the integration runtime part of the series. We will look at what SSIS Lift and Shift is, how to create an Azure-SSIS integration runtime, and how you can start executing SSIS packages in Azure Data Factory.

(And if you don’t work with SSIS, today is an excellent day to take a break from this series. Go do something fun! Like eat some ice cream. I’m totally going to eat ice cream after publishing this post 🙃)

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Copy SQL Server Data in Azure Data Factory

This post is part 17 of 26 in the series Beginner's Guide to Azure Data Factory

In the previous post, we looked at the three different types of integration runtimes. In this post, we will first create a self-hosted integration runtime. Then, we will create a new linked service and dataset using the self-hosted integration runtime. Finally, we will look at some common techniques and design patterns for copying data from and into an on-premises SQL Server.

And when I say “on-premises”, I really mean “in a private network”. It can either be a SQL Server on-premises on a physical server, or “on-premises” in a virtual machine.

Or, in my case, “on-premises” means a SQL Server 2019 instance running on Linux in a Docker container on my laptop 🤓

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Integration Runtimes in Azure Data Factory

This post is part 16 of 26 in the series Beginner's Guide to Azure Data Factory

So far in this series, we have only worked with cloud data stores. But what if we need to work with on-premises data stores? After all, Azure Data Factory is a hybrid data integration service :) To do that, we need to create and configure a self-hosted integration runtime. But before we do that, let’s look at the different types of integration runtimes!

(Pssst! Integration runtimes have been moved into the management page. I’ll be updating the descriptions and screenshots shortly!)

Integration Runtimes

An integration runtime (IR) specifies the compute infrastructure an activity runs on or gets dispatched from. It has access to resources in either public networks, or in public and private networks.

Or, in Cathrine-speak, using less precise words: An integration runtime specifies what kind of hardware is used to execute activities, where this hardware is physically located, who owns and maintains the hardware, and which data stores and services the hardware can connect to.

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